HIST416

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Unit 5 Postclassical World:  The Rise of Islam and Return of Dynastic China 

Key Ideas:  The creation of a new religion of Islam during a time of tension and political disorder in Southwest Asia resulted in the rapid growth of both Islam and the Arab Empire. From its origins in Arabia, Islam quickly spread to the Sasanid empire in Persia and even into parts of Byzantium. Muslims, or “ones who have submitted” to the will of Allah, spread their religious convictions but also drew inspiration from the Persian, Greek, and Indian worlds. Eventually the dar al-Islam (“house of Islam”) would cover a cosmopolitan world ranging from Spain in the west to India in the east. 

The collapse of the Han dynasty brought an end to centralized rule in China for three and a half centuries.  Order was restored in the sixth century with the rise of the Sui.  Eventually, the Tang and Song dynasties oversaw a booming economy based on improved agricultural production and technological innovations.  This chapter describes the Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties that unified China and brought about a long period of progress and prosperity; how the Mongols conquered China and created the world’s largest land empire; how Japan developed and interacted with other cultures; the early history of Korea; how different religions influenced culture in India; and how India and China affected the development of Southeast Asia. 

Chapter 9, 11 (Pages 171-188, 207-232) 

Calendar of Activities and Assignments: 

19 October: Text pages 171-177.  Introduction to the unit.  In class, read pages 171-177 (Guided reading).  Compare it to other religions studied in the course.  How is the Islamic view of Allah similar to the Jewish or Christian view of God? Assign Kaaba Image (1 question), Islamic Terminology (2 questions) – Chapter 9, Lesson 1. 

20, 23 October: Text pages 178-182.  The Spread of Islam.  Consider the earliest Islamic Dynasties.  Reading excerpts from the Quran. Group work/lesson:  Causation of Spread of Islam completed in class.  Assign Spread of Islam map online( 4 questions) Abu –Bakr (2 questions) - Chapter 9, Lesson 2 . 

24 October: Text pages 183-187.  Islam:  Empire of Faith DVD, Episode Two “The Awakening” in class with guide/questions.  Combine with DBQ on Islamic Contributions to the World. Assign Baghdad – City of Trade and Culture (2 questions) – Chapter 9, Lesson 3. 

25 October: Text pages 207-214. Begin to address the qualities of each dynasty.  Begin with the short reading about the Tang Court.  Some questions to consider and relate to earlier reading/discussion.  Afterward continue with a general discussion of characteristics for each dynasty. Guided reading with a grid (Taking Notes – Chinese Dynasties).  Assign Three Dynasties Map (4 questions), Chapter 11, Lesson 1. 

26 October: ½ Day of Attendance.  Interpreting Chinese art – a busy market place. (The Qingming Scroll).  Several sources are combined to discover life during the Song Dynasty.

27 October: Text pages 215-219.  Some reading of the Secret History of the Mongols.  http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/mongols/figures/figu_geng_legacy.htm  Terrific website for reference.

Assign Who were the Mongols? (2 questions), Landscape Painting (2 questions) – Chapter 11, Lesson 2.

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30 October:  Text pages 220-224.  Reading/Notes guide completed in small groups – with careful consideration of important vocabulary.  Guided reading – early Japan and Korea.

31 October: Begin with short reading of regional literature – the Tale of Genji.  http://www.learner.org/courses/worldlit/the-tale-of-genji/watch/  Assign Japanese History from the First Emperor of Heaven to the Shoguns video online (2 Questions, 16 minutes long) – Chapter 11, Lesson 3. 

1 November:  Text pages 225-231.  Looking at artwork in Indonesia – the Borobudur Buddha head. Assign Angor Wat Image ( 2 questions).  Chapter 11, Lesson 4.

2 November: Mechanisms of Movement.  Lecture on monsoons, dhows, and the interaction of Islam and Hinduism.  Short segment on monsoons and India from PBS, The Story of India. Show selection from PBS, The Story of India, DVD detailing important qualities of this period (Episode Four – Ages of Gold).  Guide is completed.   

3 November: Unit Five Test. (30 Multiple Choice questions, 5 short answer questions, 1 extended response.)  You may use your notes on the test.  30 points + 10 points + 20 points.  Total points = 60 points.

Extended Response: Examine the technological innovations of the Tang and Song periods. How did these innovations change the shape of Chinese history?

Historical Terms and Concepts to Know               *Who, what, where, why, when, how, so what?

Sheikh, Allah, revelation, bazaar, dowry, arabesques, minaret, muezzin, cotton, paper manufacture, Caravanserais, madrasas, Bedouins, hadith, Yathrib (Medina), Abu Bakr, Ali, jizya, Abu al-Abbas, Sakk (“check”), Al-Ghazali, “Hindi” numbers, Othman, astrolabe, Muhammad, Arab, Muslim, Islam, Quran, dar al-Islam, Five Pillars, caliphate, jihad, sharia, hajj, Ka’ba, caliph, Sunni, Shia, hijra, umma, Umayyad, Abbasid, ulama, qadis,  Harun al-Rushid, vizier, sultan, sufi, Ibn Rushd/Averroes,  Dynasties of China,  Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, grand canal, Tang Taizong, equal field system, fast-ripening rice, footbinding, porcelain, Gunpowder, printing, Chan/Zen Buddhism, paper money, neo-Confucianism, Heian court, Silla dynasty, The Tale of Genjii, Samurai, Shito, Harsha, the Sind, Sultanate of Delhi, Chola, monsoons, dhows and junks, jati, Sufis, Angkor Wat, Yurt, khan, shamans, Seljuks, Temujin, Khanbaliq, Khubilai Khan, khanates, ilkhanate, bubonic plague, Marco Polo, Li Bo, Du Fu, Nara period, Heian period, archipelago, Bushido, shogun, daimyo, Gupta dynasty, Theravada, Mahayana, Emporia, Three Kingdoms, Mahmud of Ghazni, .               

Artifacts: Borobudur Buddha head, Qingming Scroll

Documents: Tale of Genji, Quran. 

Video: Islam:  Empire of Faith, The Story of India.


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